• What is a resume?

    Resumes are what people use to get jobs, right? Wrong!

    A resume is a one or two page summary of your education, skills, accomplishments, and experience. Your resume’s purpose is to get your foot in the door. A resume does its job successfully if it does not exclude you from consideration.

    To prepare a successful resume, you need to know how to review, summarize, and present your experiences and achievements on one page. Unless you have considerable experience, you don’t need two pages. Outline your achievements briefly and concisely.

    Your resume is your ticket to an interview where you can sell yourself!

    How to Prepare an Effective Resume

    Resume Essentials

    Before you write, take time to do a self-assessment on paper. Outline your skills and abilities as well as your work experience and extracurricular activities. This will make it easier to prepare a thorough resume.

    The Content of Your Resume

    • Name, address, telephone, e-mail address, web site address. Avoid nicknames.
    • All your contact information should go at the top of your resume.
    • Use a permanent address. Use your parents’ address, a friend’s address, or the address you plan to use after graduation. Use a permanent telephone number and include the area code. If you have an answering machine, record a neutral greeting. Add your e-mail address. Many employers will find it useful. (Note: Choose an e-mail address that sounds professional.) Include your web site address only if the web page reflects your professional ambitions.

    Objective or Summary

    • An objective tells potential employers the sort of work you’re hoping to do.
    • Be specific about the job you want. For example: To obtain entry-level position within a financial institution requiring strong analytical and organizational skills. Tailor your objective to each employer you target/every job you seek.

    Education

    • New graduates without a lot of work experience should list their educational information first. Alumni can list it after the work experience section. Your most recent educational information is listed first.
    • Include your degree (A.S., B.S., B.A., etc.), major, institution attended, minor/concentration. Add your grade point average (GPA) if it is higher than 3.0.
    • Mention academic honors.

    Work Experience

    • Briefly give the employer an overview of work that has taught you skills. Use action words to describe your job duties. Include your work experience in reverse chronological order—that is, put your last job first and work backward to your first, relevant job. Include:
      • Title of position
      • Name of organization
      • Location of work (town, state)
      • Dates of employment
    • Describe your work responsibilities with emphasis on specific skills and achievements.

    Other information

    • A staff member at your career services office can advise you on other information to add to your resume. You may want to add:
      • Key or special skills or competencies,
      • Leadership experience in volunteer organizations,
      • Participation in sports.

    References

    • Ask people if they are willing to serve as references before you give their names to a potential employer. Do not include your reference information on your resume. You may note at the bottom of your resume: “References furnished on request.”

    Resume Checkup

    • You’ve written your resume. It’s time to have it reviewed and critiqued by a career counselor. You can also take the following steps to ensure quality:
      • Content
        • Run a spell check on your computer before anyone sees your resume. Get a friend (an English major would do nicely) to do a grammar review. Ask another friend to proofread. The more people who see your resume, the more likely that misspelled words and awkward phrases will be seen (and corrected).
      • Design
        • These tips will make your resume easier to read and/or scan into an employer’s data base.
        • Use white or off-white paper.
        • Use 8-1/2- x 11-inch paper.
        • Print on one side of the paper.
        • Use a font size of 10 to 14 points.
        • Use nondecorative typefaces.
        • Choose one typeface and stick to it.
        • Avoid italics, script, and underlined words.
        • Do not use horizontal or vertical lines, graphics, or shading.
        • Do not fold or staple your resume.
        • If you must mail your resume, put it in a large envelope.

    Action Words

    Use action words to describe your experience and accomplishments. The next page lists some actions words to use:

    achieved
    acquired
    adapted
    addressed
    administered
    analyzed
    anticipated
    assembled
    assisted
    audited
    budgeted
    calculated
    centralized
    changed
    collaborated
    composed
    condensed
    conducted
    constructed
    contracted
    converted
    coordinated
    created
    cultivated
    demonstrated
    designed
    developed
    devised
    discovered
    doubled
    drafted
    edited
    eliminated
    enforced
    established
    evaluated
    expanded
    explained
    forecasted
    formed
    founded
    generated
    guided
    hired
    implemented
    improved
    informed
    insured
    interpreted
    interviewed
    launched
    maintained
    managed
    marketed
    minimized
    motivated
    negotiated
    obtained
    operated
    organized
    originated
    oversaw
    performed
    planned
    prevented
    produced
    programmed
    promoted
    provided
    publicized
    published
    recruited
    reorganized
    reported
    researched
    resolved
    reviewed
    selected
    separated
    set up
    simplified
    solved
    surveyed
    staffed
    supervise
    taught
    tested
    trained
    used

    What Employers Want

    Employers say they are impressed by job candidates who have excellent communication skills, good grooming habits, and relevant work experience. Employers say they want trustworthy new hires who can move right in, get along with their co-workers, and get the job done without having to be babied at each step.

    Top 10 Qualities Employers Seek

    1. Communication skills (verbal and written)
    2. Honesty/integrity
    3. Teamwork skills (works well with others)
    4. Interpersonal skills (relates well to others)
    5. Motivation/initiative
    6. Strong work ethic
    7. Analytical skills
    8. Flexibility/adaptability
    9. Computer skills
    10. Self-confidence

    New Hire Skills

    These are the top seven skills employers look for in new hires.

    1. Interpersonal
    2. Teamwork
    3. Verbal communication
    4. Analytical
    5. Computer
    6. Written communication
    7. Leadership